pISSN 2636-0004
eISSN 2636-0012

Table. 1.

Risk Factors for Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Pancreatitis (PEP)6

Major Minor
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction Female patients aged less than 60 years
History of previous PEP Nondilated CBD (≤ 6 mm)
Pancreatic duct injection Normal serum bilirubin (< 2 mg/dL)
Freehand needle knife sphincterotomy Failure to remove all bile duct stones
Balloon sphincter dilation without sphincterotomy Failed cannulation
More than 1 deep pancreatic guidewire passage Difficult cannulation (time to CBD cannulation more than 10 minutes or more than 5 attempts at cannulation)
Int J Gastrointest Interv 2023;12:87~92 https://doi.org/10.18528/ijgii220043
© Int J Gastrointest Interv